Nigeria reported at least 3,804 deaths from cholera and Lassa fever in 2021.
The country recorded 3,604 deaths and 111,062 cases of cholera in 2021, and recorded 200 deaths from Lassa fever in 2022 despite efforts to improve sanitation and health.
The Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC) said Monday that only Anambra, Edo and Imo states that had not reported cases of cholera were out of the country’s 36 states. The data was released during the release of the 52nd epidemiological and final report for 2021 in Abuja.
The report also noted that 33 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of cholera.
“These are Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Enugu, the FCT, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna , Kano, Katsina and Kebbi.
“Others are Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe , Rivers and Zamfara,” it said.
NCDC said children between the ages of five and fourteen were most affected.
A breakdown showed that cases were reported in different states as follows: Bauchi (19,558), Jigawa (15,141), Kano (12,116) and Zamfara (11,931), accounting for 53 percent of all cumulative cases le corresponds.
“Eleven LGAs in five states of Belly i (four), Zamfara (four), Kano (one), Katsina (one) and Borno (one) have over the course more than 1,000 cases each year,” the report said.
The center said difficulties in accessing some communities due to safety concerns, open defecation in affected communities, shortage of potable drinking water in some rural areas and urban slums are some of the challenges it has faced.
Other challenges have included insufficient vaccines to cover all LGAs, stations and settlements with cholera outbreaks, inadequate infrastructure of healthcare facilities and cholera supplies to treat patients (Ringer’s lactate and ORS), undertrained state personnel for case management, and poor and conflicting state reporting.< /p>
The agency pledged to “develop state-level preparedness and response plans and maintain communication with and support for states on data reporting and response.
“The center will also develop and submit a cholera vaccination application to the International Coordinating Group and the Global Task Force for Cholera Control for a reactive and preventive cholera campaign with the NPHCDA, continuing to lobby state governments for funding increase WASH infrastructure and pre-position goods for state response.
“It will build sample collection, transportation, and laboratory diagnostic capabilities; Planned post-action review, planned review of the National Strategic Action Plan on Cholera Control and expansion of risk communication.”
It advised Nigerians to improve sanitation to eradicate diseases like cholera.
“Hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways to reduce the spread of infectious diseases such as Lassa fever, Covid-19 and cholera.
” We encourage regular hand hygiene to stay healthy,” he advised.
Cholera is a waterborne disease and the risk of transmission is higher when there is poor hygiene and disruption to the supply of clean water Water.
NCDC also confirmed 200 deaths from Lassa fever in the country in 2022.
This is according to epidemiological data from the NCDC report for January 3rd to January 9th on the Webs ite published by the agency.
After the update, the new cases were confirmed in 10 states and 22 local governments in Nigeria.