The residents of Dar es Salaam anticipate tough times as the country’s commercial capital comes to power and water rationing is due to the low volume of water in rivers and dams after a drought. The sinking water level has affected the hydropower plants in Kihansi, Kidatu and Pangani.
The Tanzania Electricity Supply Company (Tanesco) warned its customers on Thursday to reduce electricity consumption, as electricity production in their hydropower plants is falling. < / p>
“As a result, the total production deficit is around 345 megawatts, which is 21 percent of total production,” Tanesco said in a statement.
The utility is now looking for natural gas to cope with the crisis mitigate. Tanesco said it will increase production by expediting maintenance of its natural gas power plants in Ubungo, which produce about 25 MW, and by expanding Kinyerezi I (185 MW) and Ubungo III (112 MW) power plants. It will also start the Nyakato station, which is expected to produce 36 MW.
“All of these will bring an additional 358 MW into the national grid,” said Tanesco.
In a published Explanation On Thursday, the energy company announced that the water level in the rivers and dams had dropped significantly due to climate change.
Last week, the water and sewage authorities of Dar es Salaam (Dawasa) announced a water rationing for them. to parts of the city, including Sinza, Tegeta, Mwananyamala, Kijitonyama, Manzese, Kariakoo, Tabata and Magomeni.
Long queues at watering holes are a common sight all over the city.
” I can’t remember the last time water ran out of the taps. We are forced to use salt water and buy it from street vendors, ”said Irene Lwaho, a resident of Sinza B in Dar es Salaam.
Before the crisis, a 20 liter canister of water was sold for US $ 0.08 Sold, but the price has doubled since then to $ 0.16.
The water supply in Dar is 460 million cubic liters per day, up from 520 million cubic liters last year for a daily requirement of 544 million cubic liters.
Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa asked Dawasa to find out how the situation has deteriorated to the current level.
“I know there is climate change, but that’s only one of them Factors causing an acute water shortage, “he said during his tour of Ruvu River, the main supplier station for Dar
The CEO of Dawas has asked the residents of Dar to conserve water by opening their flower gardens during the rationing period no longer water.
In conversation with < em> The EastAfrican Dickson Alex, a driver and resident of the Iringa area, said it was in the water sources even in the southern highlands as to the extent of the drought.
The dire situation has that Law and Human Rights Center (LHRC) urged the government to take short and long-term measures to alleviate the situation.
In a statement released late Thursday, the LHRC reminded the government of its responsibility to To provide and access to clean and safe water for citizens in accordance with the Constitution; and take appropriate action against anyone who has not fulfilled their responsibilities in this regard.
The LHRC urged the government to adopt eight strategies to ensure adequate water supplies, including digging deep wells, monitoring Sources of water and taking effective measures to ensure they are working efficiently.
In addition, an adequate budget should be allocated to water abstraction projects. The water can be used on days of scarcity, the group said.
The state should also take action against people who fail to meet their responsibilities regarding water supplies, she added.
The LHRC also suggested that the government consider building large reservoirs as a long-term measure to avoid bottlenecks in the future.
The government should also establish guidelines to control environmental degradation and protect water resources , adding that the state should also hire experts on long-term measures to ensure clean and safe water in the country.
For almost a month now, the residents of Dar have been experiencing water rationing with the water authority, citing one Drops in the water levels in Tanzania’s main water drainage stations, including the Ruvu River.
Water scarcity continues to affect traders’ economies and health risks it and the safety of the residents, especially during the time of the Covid pandemic.
“It is a fact that the water shortage continues to plague children and women. Women also walk long distances at night to fetch water. This situation exacerbates acts of violence against women and children by exacerbating family conflicts, ”says Anna Henga, Executive Director of LHRC.