Dec 7, 2022

Mawazo Writing Africa

Writing about the main

Deep-rooted corruption tops the list of reasons South Africa is a ‘failing state’

Escalating daily blackouts, an economy that could not do better than lurch even in a commodity-friendly export market, and a corrupt, faction-divided ruling party that appears hopelessly divided but is determined to rule South Africa for as long as the President once did Jacob Zuma said, “Jesus is coming back.”

These are some of the key components in answering the question, “What happened to Nelson Mandela’s Rainbow Nation?”

As recently published fifth and final report on Chief Justice Raymond Zondo’s nearly four-year investigation into systemic corruption dubbed “state capture” makes it clear that a succinct answer encompassing all others could simply be “Jacob Zuma.” p>

But that is a simplistic and inadequate answer, as Judge Zondo also places the blame for systemic corruption and incompetence at all levels of government directly on the ruling African National Congress (ANC) – Mandela’s party – itself, along with the collective leadership , which the ANC is proud of, including both Zuma and current President Cyril Ramaphosa.

Ramaphosa has been criticized for “not doing enough” during his tenure as Zuma MP to stop what he says was happening as part of the State Capture Project between 2012 and 2018.

Also read:Cracks in South Africa’s ruling ANC party greater

Cost of favoritism

But also because Ramaphosa was, at least nominally, the chairman of the ANC’s “Cadre Deployment Committee”, which Zondo considered to be the core of the system of placing party loyalists in S key positions in both government and state-owned enterprises (SOEs). /p>

An obvious example is national electricity producer Eskom, Africa’s largest electricity producer, which has been paralyzed by decades of neglect of maintenance, mismanagement and outright theft , is in another bout of ‘loadshedding’ outages and is barely able to sustain power. Turn on the lights.

‘Rolling Blackouts’ were first introduced in 2008, after a decade and a-h many Warnings that not enough maintenance was being performed on SA’s large fleet of mostly coal-fired power plants, but also of inadequate future construction planning.

Since then there have been repeated rounds of power outages, the current one being the most severe yet and expected to be the longest.

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The daily and costly outages threaten to become permanent as the electricity fleet, whose averagea who is already 47 years old, is becoming more and more unstable.

Zondo also blamed the ANC and its leadership and pointed in particular to the deployment of cadres and the corrupt behavior associated with it, these two phenomena that go hand in hand .

Read:p. Africa report on Zuma-era robberies

Zondo called for the prosecution of those he named in his reports, and while some still hold high office, Ramaphosa promised that would be the case , after a special unit was appointed.

Using Zondo’s harsh results, the official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) recently supplemented previously leveled corruption charges against the ANC and its leadership.

Also Based on Zondo’s findings, another opposition group, the Congress of the People, has filed corruption charges against one of Zuma’s ministers, who is still a deputy minister in Ramaphosa’s cabinet.

There have been arrests and trials since early 2020 corruption against dozens of former state and government officials at SOEs, along with some suspected private sector accomplices.

These moves, initiated by the beleaguered and increasingly un are widely viewed as movements “in the right direction” by the happy population of South Africa, are nonetheless far from adequate to address an issue that is systemic in both t The ruling party and, through the deployment of party loyalists, also in government at all levels.

This is particularly true at the municipal level, where there is the most day-to-day interface between state and citizens.

The prosecution confirms the depth and extent of the cancer at the heart of the ruling party system, party allegiance with state paid pilot posts, and after obtaining a court order making public the ANC’s internal records of its Operations Committee, has released an assessment of the detrimental impact.

Dysfunctional Communities

The DA issued a statement following her court win earlier this year, saying she was able to “unveil damning new evidence that The ANC cadre The Operations Committee reserves certain positions on the boards of SOEs for fellow party members, whose resumes appear to be kept in a database separate from other applicants Between May and November 2018, S provides the clearest evidence yet that the conquest of the state, in order to serving the interests of the ANC, rather than the people of South Africa, will continue unabated under the presidency of Cyril Ramaphosa… and reserved positions for ‘ANC cadres’ and ‘firm supporters’ of the ANC’ on the boards of (many) SOEs,” the DA added.

These SOEs included SANParks, which operates the country’s vast game reserves and national parks, the Small Enterprise Development Agency, national rail transportation company Transnet, weapons manufacturer Denel, the now defunct SA Airways, the SA Forestry Company , the Airports Company SA, which operates the country’s airports, the road authority SANRAL and the National Ad visory Council of Innovation.”

The DA says the minutes of the 11-member ANC Cadre Task Committee it received after the court ruling shows that among those implicated were Ministers Pravin Gordhan, Blade Nzimande , Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane, Lindiwe Zulu and former Minister Edna Molewa are.

Near Terminal Inkapa City

All shall be shown to be involved in the express reservation of SOE Board seats for assignment by the Operations Committee may have been involved, although the official opposition party says it is “probable that board seats will be similarly reserved for party cadres on boards throughout national government.”

In practice, there are other standards for the disintegrating Effects of this system, namely the almost incurable ineptitude and huge bribery at the local government level.

Only 16 percent of South Africa’s 257 municipalities have clean accounts in FY2020/21 The overall standard of financial management has deteriorated over the past five years, Auditor General Tsakani Maluleke noted, and most of the ANC’s communities involved were in financial shambles, she said.

Only 41 municipalities received a clean audit (22 in the Western Cape and were DA-led or managed), while 100 had ‘negative results’. with 25 receiving disclaimers what their financial stats mean. Couldn’t be trusted.

One such report, coming out four years after a new regime, promised to “sweep clean” and a competent, corruption-free Ensuring government, particularly at the local government level where it matters most, does not bode well for the ANC.

Said Maluleke: “The exam results were in a bad state when the previous government took over in 2016-17, and the situation has not improved since.”

The situation is so dire that the underperforming and totally dysfunctional municipalities, 33 in all, have been placed under administration after failing to meet their financial obligations and essential services

There was little improvement compared to the previous government’s record, with 61 municipalities achieving a better Er result than 2016-17, while 56 had a worse result, Maluleke said.

On the “upside” there was a small increase in clean audits, with 27 communities maintaining theirs and 14 more meeting that target for the fir achieved st time, which the AG said was “encouraging” but was offset by the fact that six municipalities that had previously received clean audits had slipped back in that five-year period.

There was one downward spiral and “deteriorating culture of accountability” over the last five years in regions dominated by ANC-controlled municipalities.

Given that it was tighter before the emergence of Covid and again since lifting Restrictions in recent months have seen numerous daily protests over local government’s poor delivery of basic services such as water, electricity, usable roads, garbage and sanitation, the ANC is bere it was warned of a recalcitrant citizenry.

Last August, the ANC fell in local elections to below 50 percent of overall support for the first time since the end of apartheid, losing control of several major subways and many smaller ones communities.