The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda on Wednesday agreed to immediately end hostilities between the two countries, announced Angolan President João Lourenço.
Following Wednesday’s meeting in Luanda DRC President Felix Tshisekedi and Rwanda’s Paul Kagame also agreed to set up an ad hoc monitoring mechanism to defuse tensions, he added.
Luanda will host the Rwanda bilateral joint commission meeting next Tuesday and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, President Lourenço, who is also the Chair of the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), said in his capacity as mediator. He has been appointed mediator in the Kinshasa-Kigali Crisis by the African Union.
“I am pleased to report that we believe we have achieved positive results, including by focusing on agreed a ceasefire other measures included in the roadmap just presented,” added President Lourenço.
Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo fell out after counter-accusations that each country hosted different rebel groups in the east of the DRC Congo, which was hostile to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Relations between DR Congo and Rwanda deteriorated after Kinshasa accused Rwanda of supporting the M23 rebels, who had been in a series of clashes with the army were involved. Kigali denied the allegations but accused the DRC of supporting anti-Rwanda FDLR rebels.
On Sunday, President Tshisekedi said there was no doubt that Rwanda would face rebellion after a resurgence in his country support the M23 rebels active in the east of the country near the border between the two countries.
Kinshasa had also previously stopped Rwandan airline RwandAir from flying into the country and summoned the Rwandan ambassador to to warn him of the country’s position.
The medication process should help restore trust between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
“This goal will be gradually achieved through a so-called Luanda Roadmap achieved, based on the findings of the joint DRC-Rwanda commission, which has not met for several years,” Tshisekedi’s communications office said. This commission will hold its first meeting on July 12, 2022 in Luanda.
The roadmap envisages a readiness to normalize diplomatic relations between Kinshasa and Kigali.
“Angola has big Experience in resolving conflicts, so I think this conflict between DRC and Rwanda will come to an end through President Lourenço’s mediation,” Macolino Tavares, a political analyst, told The EastAfrican .
“This conflict between brothers has no deep reason to continue. Angola mediation will soon come to an end,” Matias Pires, another analyst, told Angola’s state-run Rádio Nacional de Angola.
– Additional coverage by Patrick Ilunga