Eritrea, one of Russia’s most prominent supporters in Africa, has sent a delegation to Moscow amid the Ukraine conflict to strengthen ties, officials in the country said.
The calls were made on Thursday A high-level Eritrean delegation consisting of Foreign Minister Osman Saleh and Presidential Advisor Yemane Gebreab began a two-day working visit to Russia.
According to a statement by the Eritrean Ministry of Information , RussianForeign Minister Sergei Lavrov informed the Eritrean delegation about the origin of the conflict in Ukraine, Russia’s goals and the current situation during a meeting on Thursday in Moscow.
The Eritrean delegation reiterated Asmara’s fundamental position and called on Russia and Ukraine to find a bilateral solution to the conflict.
” Eritrea and Russia reached a bilateral agreement on concrete measures to improve their political, diplomatic, trade and investment, educational and cultural ties,” Yemane Gebremeskel, Eritrean Minister of Information, said on his Twitter page.
According to the statement, Eritrea became Mr Lavrov’s working visit invited.
The country on the Horn of Africa was the only African country to vote against a resolution of the UN General Assembly on March 2, 2022, in which the deplores the Russian invasion and calls for an immediate end to Russian military operations in Ukraine. The resolution was eventually passed, but Eritrea, Belarus, Syria and North Korea opposed it and sided with Russia.
But now the Eritrean government is calling on all parties to resolve the crisis through peaceful means .
African countries were divided in the vote, which was supported by 141 of the 193 UN member states.
Of the 54 African states, only 28 voted in favor while 17 African countries voted in favour abstained, including Algeria, South Africa and Angola.
Eight African countries, including Ethiopia, Cameroon and Morocco abstained.
Even though Eritrea voted against, the intention is not very clear behind this vote.
According to some political analysts, Eritrea’s intention is against the vote and the regime’s support for it of President Isaias Afwerki.
Mr. Metta-Alem Sinishaw, a senior politician An analyst for Ethiopia and the East African region says Eritrea’s vote against the UN resolution could be influenced by its regional ambitions, bilateral ties, geopolitical and economic interests, while rejecting the United States.
“Eritrea may have hoped to become the de facto representative of Russia, at least in the Horn if not other parts of Africa that are critical of the western world,” Metta-Alem told TheEast African.
After the UAE’s withdrawal, Eritrea allowed Russia to establish an export infrastructure for the export of Eritrean potassium and a to establish a logistical base for the Russian Navy in the port of Assab along the strategic Red Sea coast.
Metta-Alem said Eritrea could also have hoped to get Russian I Use investments to make an impact on landlocked Ethiopia. However, President Putin rejected Eritrea’s offer and moved to Sudan in 2021.
“Economically, Eritrea and Russia were trying to expand their bilateral relations with Russia announced an unspeci Eritrea and Russia planned to build a logistics center in the strategic Port of Assab in Eritrea in the Red Sea strategic region.
“After Eritrea and Russia rejected the US and the West, Eritrea and Russia have recently reduced foreign interference and illegitimate sanctions by the West.
“Resistance to the West fits best with Eritrean domestic propaganda and serves as [a] crucial tool to retain power,” Metta-Alem added.
Afwerki’s anti-American campaign began after that Eritrea and Ethiopia waged a bloody war over border disputes.
Leadership in Eritrea
After the end of the two-year border war in 2000, Afwerki built the Führu structures of the ruling People’s Front Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) and arrested or exiled members of the Central and Executive Committees in order to consolidate an authoritarian regime.
Afwerki then ignored increasing US and Western pressure that To create a new political system to make the nation more transparent and allow more freedom of expression.
Afwerki has used the anti-American campaign as a mainstay of his dictatorship ever since.
Ever since Eritrea became independent from Ethiopia in 1993, it has Country never held national elections and was a one-party state.