Ethiopia had the highest number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in 2021 than any other country, according to a new report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC).
According to IDMC’s 2022 global report As on Thursday was published, conflict and violence in the Horn of Africa nation triggered more than 5.1 million new displacements in 2021, triple the number in 2020 and the highest annual figure ever recorded for a single country /p>
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“The conflict in the north was responsible for most of the displacements recorded in Ethiopia in 2021, but violence in other regions also triggered a significant number. says the report by The EastAfrican.
Ethiopian Internally Displaced Persons
According to IDMC results, 4.2 million people were displaced across Ethiopia at the end of 2021 , more than 80 percent of them as a result of conflict and violence.
Conflict between the Ethiopian Armed Forces and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) broke out in November 2020.
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The Tigray conflict later intensified, spreading to neighboring Amhara and Afar regions and uprooting Thousands fled their homes.
Tensions and violence elsewhere in Ethiopia also contributed to the large displacements recorded this year.
“Renewed tensions between regional security forces and non-state armed groups in connection with land disputes and competition “For resources intensified, sparking deadly clashes that forced people from their homes along the borders between the Afar and Somali regions, the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Regions (SNNP) and Gambela, and SNNP and Oromia,” the said Report.
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Intercommunal violence in these regions and in Benishangul-Gumuz also led to displacement, during n natural disasters, mainly floods and droughts, triggered 240,000 internally displaced people in Ethiopia in 2021.
IDMC data shows that there were 59.1 million internally displaced people worldwide End of 2021. Of these, 53.2 million were displaced as a result of conflict and violence and 5.9 million as a result of disasters.
In sub-Saharan Africa, more than 14 million were displaced – 11.6 million as a result of conflict and 2.6 mi llions from natural disasters – accounting for more than 80 percent of all internal displacement driven by conflict and violence globally in 2021.
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“The regional (sub-Saharan Africa) total was 4.7 million higher than last year, mainly due to conflicts in Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burkina Faso , Somalia and the Central African Republic (CAR),” the report adds.
“Recent waves of violence in East Africa and escalating tensions and conflicts in the central Sahel and Lake Chad regions have been responsible for most movements, but Violence also led to displacement in southern and central Africa, particularly in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Mozambique.”
Foreign military activities also influenced displacement and displacement rates Return trends in a number of countries, the report said.
“The main events were the Belgian season rains in April and May, which led to over 170,000 displacements in Afar, Oromia, Somali and SNNP. Drought caused 54,000 in Afar, Oromia and Somali, more than double the number in 2020,” the report said.