The Sudan’s military junta risks losing international support if it proceeds to appoint a government without consulting civil movements that have led public protests over the past two months.
The political The situation was quickly straightened out over the past week, with Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok’s resignation on January 2nd. He had only returned to the post in November 2021, following the October 25, 2021 coup that toppled his government. After initially being held under house arrest by the junta, the junta let Dr. Hamdok later released after agreeing to resume the post of prime minister.
The military had hoped Hamdok’s reappointment would reassure protesting civilians opposed to the October 25 coup. His departure Now the junta is still dealing with the demonstrators. On Wednesday, Sudan’s international partners said the junta must work with civilians to form the next government or that the doors would be closed to donor money, including support for key reform programs.
“The European Union and the Troika will not support a prime minister or a government appointed without the participation of a wide range of civilian actors, “the European Union said in a joint statement with the US, UK and Norway, commonly known as the Troika.
“We look forward to working with a government and a transitional parliament that enjoy credibility with the Sudanese people and that can lead the country to free and fair elections as a matter of priority.”
Mélanie Joly, the Canadian Foreign Minister reiterated Demands for civilian leadership. “Canada calls on all parties to work towards the common goal of getting this transition back on track. The achievements since the Sudanese revolution must not be lost, “she said on Wednesday.
” Canada stands by the Sudanese people and supports their right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. Canada calls for a swift resumption of the transition to democracy and an immediate end to all forms of violence against demonstrators. ”
The junta is aware of the repercussions should it oppose it, despite significant support from governments of the Middle East.
Lenders suspended activating Sudan to the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Status (HIPC), which would have canceled Sudan’s debt and Khartoum borrowed more. Part of the eligibility requirements included continuing government reforms, passing a new constitution, taming corruption and opening up the economy.
So far, Western powers have not indicated that the door to cooperation with the junta is closed yet and have hired Khartoum to learn how the country will develop. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Molly Phee spoke this week with Lieutenant General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, Vice President of the Sovereign Council of Sudan, who is now also considered the most powerful man in Sudan. The Sovereign Council said in a statement on Jan. “The way out of the political crisis in the country is to initiate a comprehensive dialogue that will lead to a national consensus that includes all Sudanese,” said Dagalo, willingness to work and coordinate with the Sudanese government in order to make the transition phase successful and a democratic one Achieve transformation, and their support for a dialogue between the Sudanese parties to overcome the current crisis.
But Samantha Power, the administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, said Washington was interested in making the simple Supporting people.
“Our support rests firmly with the Sudanese people and their demand for an end to military rule. We stand with those who risk everything to secure a democratic Sudan, “she tweeted.
” We clearly condemn the violent repression of the Sudanese security forces. These desperate efforts to suppress the will of the Sudanese people will not be successful and the Sudanese, who exercise their freedom of expression and peaceful protest, must be protected from further harm. ”
Junta leaders Al-Burhan is already trying to mend fences with the US. On Tuesday he met with the US Chargé d’Affaires in Khartoum, Brian Shawkan. Al-Burhan stressed the need to continue dialogue between all Sudanese parties to come up with a national consensus program to address the transition period and said the doors of dialogue with all political forces and youth of the revolution will remain open, according to Sudanese News Agency reports.
Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, chairman of the Transitional Sovereign Council, spoke about the junta’s ability to resolve the crisis on the 66th anniversary of Sudan’s independence, despite what he called tremendous pressure outside.
Al-Burhan had promised to give up power at the end of the transition period on January 1, 2022. So the question arises whether the junta is a credible institution, having refused to hand over the leadership of the council to a civilian, as agreed last November.
But Al-Burhan’s speech , just a day before Hamdok’s resignation, ignored the fact that many of the young people in Sudan have confidence in. have lost the military and are calling for a change now, not later. The absence of a prime minister and a government does not mean that the military has a bridge to cooperation with civilians, which in turn means either an ongoing stalemate or imposes a prime minister on the country from the military.