Dec 4, 2022

Mawazo Writing Africa

Writing about the main

Mozambique declares cholera outbreak

Mozambique on Monday declared a cholera outbreak in central Zambezia province, an official confirmed no deaths were recorded.

Cholera was last diagnosed in 2019 in the Province registered.

“A total of 47 patients have been hospitalized since the outbreak of acute diarrhea in the city of Quelimane began,” provincial director of health services Óscar Haward told journalists at a press conference Conference.

In April, neighboring Sofala province recorded 30 cases of cholera.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cholera is an acute diarrheal infection, caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium.

It remains a global public health threat and an indicator of injustice and man sustainable social development.

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Hyric cyclones may have contaminated food and water in Mozambique. Since the beginning of this year, the South African country – along with neighboring countries – has been hit by five cyclones and the situation has left the population in need of large-scale humanitarian assistance.

Mozambique is one poorest countries in the world, with most of its population living on less than US$1 a day, and ranks 181st out of 189 countries in the UN Human Development Index.

Last Mozambique also reported an outbreak of wild-type poliovirus earlier this week after a child in the country’s northeastern province of Tete was confirmed to have contracted the disease.

According to the WHO regional office for Africa this marked the second imported case of wild poliovirus in southern Africa this year after an outbreak in Malawi in mid-February.

The only case so far was the first in the country since 1992.

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Paralysis began in the infected child in l March.

Genome sequencing analysis shows that the newly confirmed case is associated with a strain circulating in Pakistan in 2019, similar to the case reported in Malawi earlier this year, according to the WHO.

Polio is mainly spread through contaminated water and food or through the Transfer contact form to an infected person. The virus can cause paralysis that is sometimes fatal.

Africa was declared free of indigenous wild polio in August 2020 after all forms of wild polio were eliminated from the region.< /p>< p class="ydpca9c5a7f">Mozambique recently conducted two mass vaccination campaigns in response to the outbreak in Malawi, vaccinating 4.2 million children against the disease.