Uganda President Yoweri Museveni on Thursday urged African countries to accept nothing less in UN Security Council reforms until the continent is granted at least two permanent seats.
And speaking to a group of foreign ministers from across the continent, the Ugandan leader said that Africa, like the rest of the world’s other developing regions, does not ask for favors if they have adequate representation to demand. He said it was “obvious” that reforms would make the global body inclusive.
He spoke as ministers from 10 African countries tasked with the Pushing Africa’s demands for reform, a meeting Thursday in Kampala called for not backing down from demands.
“The UN Security Council should and should have been reformed. This is not a favor of anyone, it is a right of all peoples who inhabit planet Earth,” he told the audience at the Commonwealth Speke Resort in Munyonyo, Kampala.
The ministers gathering in Kampala come from ten countries referred to by the African Union as the C-10, or the Committee of 10. They come from Kenya, Uganda, Senegal, Zambia, Sierra Leone, Congo-Brazzaville, Libya and Namibia.
These countries, co-chaired by Sierra Leone, have been collecting for 2015 Opinions from member states and other stakeholders around the world to influence changes in the Council.
The desire for changes in the UN Security Council, the UN’s most powerful body, is becoming harried from Africa and other regions for almost two decades. The continent’s argument is that the Council, with five permanent members chosen initially and ten non-permanent members, is detached from reality.
When the UN was founded In 1945, the five countries that are now permanent members of the UN Security Council either had strong economies, had emerged victorious from World War II, or had huge populations. The US, UK, China, Russia and France are the five permanent members.
However, today Germany’s economy is larger than, for example, France and the UK and US back then colonized developing world has gained freedom and independence.
“Was the assumption that we would never be free? If that was the assumption, then the guesses were wrong,” Museveni told ministers.
“It is therefore a circus to waste time debating year after year The obvious . We are demanding our right to permanent seats on the UN Security Council, not the seasonal seats the current unfair system is giving us.”
Most calls for reform previously deadlocked advised, particularly as the Council itself must approve changes to its structure, including a vote of approval from all five permanent members.
The Assembly of Ministers As part of the 9th meeting of the Ministerial-level leaders should discuss an African declaration called the Ezulwini Consensus, named after the famous valley in eSwatini, in which African Union members declared a joint call to advance reforms in the Council, including at least two permanent members from the continent .
Earlier on Wednesday, Uganda’s Foreign Minister Henry Okello Oryem said it was an injustice that had not been achieved. The Ugandan leader said much of this is the result of a divided continent.
“By strengthening ourselves here in Africa, outsiders will more easily accept, not infringe on our rights to interfere.
“We need to be on this Security Council to ensure that it is not used negatively against Africa, but instead used positively for Africa and the rest of the world becomes world.”
Despite the lack of a permanent seat, Africa accuses the council of taking most resolutions against it, while turning a blind eye when a permanent member makes a unilateral decision .
Museveni suggested the 1961 assassination of Patrice Lumumba, the founding Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, planned by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and the attack on Libya under the North Atlantic Treaty The S Organization (NATO) forces in 2011 should have been stopped by the Council, but it didn’t. In Libya, NATO began bombing after a UN resolution voted in favor by all African members in the Council at the time: Nigeria, South Africa and Gabon, after proposing that civilians be protected by all means, including establishing a no-fly zone in Libya.
“Who is responsible for these two errors?” he noted, referring to the ongoing conflicts in the two countries. In response, he suggested that Africa should have two members with veto power. And it should be up to the African Union itself to determine how to select them, perhaps through a rotating vote, say every four years and based on region.