Jan 27, 2022

Mawazo Writing Africa

Writing about the main

Niger, UN bicker overRwandan ex-genocide detainees

The fate of eight Rwandan nationals who were released or acquitted by the UN Tribunal for genocidal crimes recently expelled from Niger is pending after parties have argued over their controversial resettlement from Tanzania.

While Rwanda finds her repatriation to a third country unjustified and Niger, which accepted her, applied to be deported on diplomatic grounds, the United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) condemned Niger’s actions.

Judge for the Arusha The IRMCT branch, Joseph E. Chiondo Masanche, called upon the orders of IRMCT President Carmel Agius Niger to “suspend the deportation order and allow the evacuated persons, in accordance with the terms of the agreement, until final decision to stay on its territory ”. on this matter ”in a letter to the authorities of the Nigerien government dated December 31st.

In response, Niger accepted to overturn the decision for 30 days as the UN continues to search another host country.

The parties had also agreed that after the resettlement, the group would stay in Niger for at least one year with financial support from the IRMCT.

“The problem lies in the decision-making mechanism of the UN and its agencies because of this Step effectively making these people stateless or refugees by clearly defining the threat to which they are exposed, ”argues Athanase Rutabingwa, a Rwandan-based attorney and attorney at the former International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

“The Mechanism had the power to impose conditions on Rwanda regarding their repatriation and residence in the country, or to require Rwanda to ensure their safety if: i Your concerns are supported by facts. However, I doubt any of this happened. It’s just the way the UN works that needs to be revised. ”

While Rwanda officially complained about the UN deal with Niger, officials have not indicated whether the government is engaged in either of them on the matter .

However, officials claim that those affected are welcome to return to the country.

The UN court last week accused Niger of the spirit and substance of the agreement that paved the way paved to have violated their relocation from the Safe House in Arusha, where they had spent 17 years.

The Mechanism raised concerns that the eviction order would affect the fundamental rights of the relocated.

< Details of the agreement split by the court show that Niger had accepted the relocation within its territory of eight Rwandan nationals who were acquitted or former inmates for their role in the 1994 Tutsi genocide.

That country has also committed to granting them permanent residency status, including issuing identity papers to them within three months of entering their territory.

The Mechanism reports that the group, consisting of former senior military and government officials the government of former President Juvenal Habyarimana, feared to return to Rwanda.

They were transferred to Niger on December 5th, where they were served an eviction order weeks later, on December 27th.

Through their legal advisers, some of them had applied for an order from the Mechanism to Niger to “allow continued presence on the territory of the country until an order for their relocation to another safe state or the deportation order was issued is repealed. ”

Others requested that the Mechanism issue an order to Niger not to relocate them to a country and to provide them with the help they need to be relocated to a safe country.

The group includes former military intelligence chief Anatole Nsengiyumva, former army officer Innocent Sagahutu and Tharcisse Muvunyi, and former commander of the military police Alphonse Nteziryayo, who are all former prisoners.

Former civil servants and Minister of Transport Prosper Mugiraneza and Andre Ntagerura were together with Francois. Xavier Nzuwonemeye, former military commander, and Protais Zigiranyirazo, former businessman and politician acquitted by the ICTR.