Africa leaders across the continent are showing increasing commitment to promoting sustainable economic development, a new report reflecting changing political will reveals.
The Africa Green Growth Readiness Assessment Report, compiled by the Africa Development Bank (AfDB) and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), sought to identify how nine strategic and operational aspects, including political commitments, drive green growth in seven African countries.
Green growth has been identified by AfDB and other lenders as critical to preventing depletion of natural resources.
The results show that in each of the seven countries in the case study – Kenya, Rwanda, Morocco, Mozambique, Gabon, Senegal and Tunisia – there is significant political engagement, evidenced by the involvement of senior government officials, including heads of state, in promoting the green growth agenda.
Green growth is “the means of promoting and maximizing opportunities for sustainable economic development through building resilience and efficient resource management.”
In Kenya, for example, President Uhuru Kenyatta chairs the National Climate Change Council, which is responsible for overall coordination of climate change issues, including guidance for the implementation of the National Climate Change Action Plan.
The other countries have also “enshrined fundamentals of green growth, including the right to a clean and safe environment and civil rights. Right to be heard in their constitutions,” it reads.
However, she warns that despite this political commitment, “broader consensus and stakeholder participation is needed to formulate inclusive, locally relevant policies and solutions and implement it.”
The report also examined how government institutions, policy ecosystems, legal frameworks and regulations, funding and budgeting, research, human resources, and monitoring and reporting systems affect green growth.
< p>It has also punched holes in countries’ willingness to “reassess their budgetary structures in light of the paradigm shift required for joint implementation at sectoral and sub-national levels”.