Oct 19, 2021

Mawazo Writing Africa

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Renewed arms embargo and sanctions threatens peace deal, Juba says


The Unity Government of South Sudan says the UN Security Council’s decision to renew the arms embargo and targeted sanctions jeopardizes the progress of the revived 2018 peace agreement

“With shock, dismay and surprise, the UN Security Council in its resolution No. 2577 of May 28, 2021, has approved the arms embargo and targeted sanctions against the Republic of South Sudan for one year until May 31, 2022 extended.

“This implies a ban on the supply, sale, transfer of weapons and the provision of technical assistance, training and other military support to South Sudan. The targeted sanctions include travel bans and freezing of finances / assets for individuals and organizations, ”reads the statement from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

The government said that these punitive measures are sovereignty and that Undermined peace agreement of South Sudan.

“The extension of the arms embargo will severely affect the grading of the National Unified Forces and will ultimately weaken South Sudan in order to be socially, economically, politically and internally with any unprecedented aggression and convince externally, “added the government.

It appealed to the international community to review the resolution.

In April of this year, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that the Security Council cannot lift the sanctions against South Sudan until the 2018 peace agreement is fully implemented nt is.

Among the most important things that should be accomplished is the establishment of the revitalized Transitional Legislative Assembly and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the full formation of the governments of states and the unification of the armed forces into one Professional army.

In May, the UN Security Council approved a resolution on the end of an arms embargo and sanctions against South Sudan for one year.

In 2018, the Council imposed an arms embargo on South Sudan and then extended it in 2019 to prevent the civil war from continuing.

Read more: How an arms embargo could actually prolong the war in South Sudan

Read more : South Sudan says the extension of the arms embargo is “hostile to peace”

The arms embargo gives all UN member states the power to prevent weapons and related equipment – including weapons and ammunition, from being released military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and all spare parts – get into South Sudan.

South Sudan suffered from a six-year civil war that claimed around 400,000 lives, according to the United Nations report.

After The parties to the conflict signed several peace talks on September 12, 2018 and in February the peace agreement formed last year the revitalized transitional government of national unity.

According to a report on arms policy, the e The estimated total number of civilians held in South Sudan Guns (both legal and illegal) were 1.2 million in 2017 and 3 million in 2013.

The armed forces of South Sudan are believed to have 351,500 firearms.