Africa’s wars and conflicts could be easier to manage if countries tightened controls on the proliferation of small and light weapons, Kenya said.
Peace missions on the continent or elsewhere are likely to be rolled back as long as warmongers have easy access to weapons, he argued before the UN Security Council on Wednesday evening during a session on small arms and light weapons. This is the first signature event of the Kenyan Presidency to discuss peace operations.
Kenya’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Dr. Martin Kimani, who will be President of the Council in October, told the meeting that the availability of illegal weapons fueled most of the conflicts in the region, even though there are initiatives to end the wars.
The UN Security Council should focus attention on small arms at the same level as it does on nuclear weapons, as” the continued proliferation of illegal small arms and light weapons makes conflicts worse, “he said.
” They can be small and light, but that is exactly what makes them more dangerous, especially if they get into the wrong hands. Small arms are naturally easy to obtain, easy to use, easy to transport and easy to conceal. “
Dr. Kimani put forward Kenya’s proposal when the Council decided on the nature of arms smuggling in peace operations around the world.
The background to the discussion was regional conflicts in Africa, a continent whose Stability most of the conflicts of the Council’s recent meetings on peace operations.
Kenya says that small arms and other light weapons are behind the rising numbers of displaced people and lawlessness on the continent, and the arms make it more difficult to negotiate peace, as the parties believe they can win through war.
“[They] trigger flows of refugees and internal displacement; Strengthening terrorism; Undermining the rule of law; make conflict resolution efforts difficult; threatening and frustrating peacekeeping operations; and generally promote a culture of violence and impunity. “
According to the annual reports of the Small Arms Survey since 2000, porous borders, corruption and the lack of alternative business ventures have made illegal trade Guns fueled, which are then used to fuel frenzy, terrorism and civil war.
According to the latest estimate, the Small Arms Survey says Kenyans may be illegal with up to 680,000 Weapons. This despite Kenya’s annual disarmament programs, in which the president often sets the collected weapons on fire.
In other neighboring countries such as Somalia and South Sudan, illegal gun ownership is higher because gun ownership is higher “The destructive global impact of illicit small arms and light weapons and their ammunition make this an issue of international peace and security interest,” he told the council.
“Indeed, its impact extends beyond the context of peace operations on which we are focused today, to other contexts relevant to this Council, including the Protection of civilians, counterterrorism and children in armed conflict among others. ”
The briefing session should discuss the Secretary General’s report on the smuggling of small arms and light weapons eren. And the UN chief admitted that the lack of adequate controls had fueled the conflicts in South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Libya, Haiti, Somalia and Yemen.
As part of the political changes, the UN has now called for arms and ammunition management programs for peacekeepers to prevent them from leaking into the wrong hands. However, this policy excludes non-state actors such as rebel groups and terrorists.
Ms Izumi Nakamitsu, Under-Secretary-General and United Nations High Representative for Disarmament, said at the meeting that weapons are smuggling contributed to other problems such as the exclusion of women from peace-restoration programs and the prejudice to the futures of children Conflict dynamics, disabling arms embargoes, endangering peacekeepers, humanitarian workers and the local population and making peace agreements more difficult, “she said, suggesting that the Council address arms smuggling, crime and terrorism as related issues.
Since children and women carry most of the conflicts, she called for a continuous analysis between arms proliferation and un d respect for the rights of children and women as well as the prevalence of sexual offenses s.
The meeting was also hosted by Lieutenant General Badreldin Elamin Abdelgadir, Executive Secretary of the Regional Center for Small Arms in the region Great Lakes, Horn of Africa and Bordering States (RECSA) and David Lochhead, a senior researcher in the field of small arms.
Nairobi proposed a so-called comprehensive architecture around the International organizations cooperate with local authorities to stop the illegal arms trade, support for regional programs such as “Silencing the Guns” by the African Union to manage the use of weapons, strengthen the mandate of the Security Council to monitor disarmament and support governments in managing their weapons stocks .
Kenya will hold the rotating presidency until October 31st and has the opportunity to do so uses to discuss and discuss Africa’s conflicts and how local solutions can be used to end them.
Gun smuggling, ethnic i identity and hate speech, the role of women and issues violent extremism is one of the issues discussed in the Council this month.