Somalia has rejected a proposal by the African Union to convert its peacekeeping force in Mogadishu into a hybrid mission, which could set the stage for a fight for attention in the United Nations Security Council.
Two days after the peacekeeping and AUPSC Security Council endorsed the African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom) to transition to a UN-funded mission, Mogadishu says the move is not in line with the country’s strategic vision.
In a statement from the Somalia Defense Ministry, the AU body was accused of disregarding the country’s views, including a joint technical team formed to evaluate the best option for the country.
” The FGS (Federal Government of Somalia) expresses great concern about the continued disregard for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Somalia by the w repeated pursuit of an agenda that undermines the AUPSC’s agenda and violates the fundamental rights of a member state, “the ministry said on Tuesday.
Somalia says it has proposed and agreed a concept of operations (conops) with the joint technical team , which would gradually put the main responsibility for the security of the country in the hands of the local security authorities.
The ministry argued that the agreement should last from January next year until after 2023, when Mogadishu hoped that its local Armed forces would be strong enough to take over the entire security of the country.
“The FGS regrets that the joint draft developed by Conops was neither recognized nor approved by the AUPSC … the AUPSC must recognize that any future AU transition mission depends on the country’s approval. ”
While the AU body had proposed Amisom as a transitional measure In order to maintain the measure beyond January, it proposed that the UN Security Council agree to a switch from the current combat force to a multi-dimensional AU-UN hybrid mission to address the country’s security and institutional reconstruction needs.
The AUPSC announced in a message on Sunday that this proposal was agreed on October 7th. This means that the Amisom troop providers would continue to play a role in the country beyond this year, if the UN Security Council supports the proposal.
It would also mean that Amisom will get additional troops and other technical personnel from other countries could, beyond the current five – Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Burundi.
Mogadishu had previously rejected proposals from independent experts. Report proposing four actions, including transforming it into a hybrid mission that becomes multi-dimensional but under the AU, continues to serve as an amisom or leaves the country within six months. Mogadishu argues that there is no need for a vacuum, but wants an agreement that will help his local security authorities take responsibility.
Amisom’s mandate expires on December 31 and was originally held by the UN Security Council from February this year extended year. The mission was first launched in 2007 by the African Union to guard a transitional government that was building a base. But as a combat force, it is not funded by the United Nations and relies on donors to conduct operations.
The European Union, one of its first major sponsors, has since dried up its taps. Troop-contributing countries have since dried up advocated a hybrid format and said it would guarantee funding and provide so-called force multipliers.
The UN Security Council is expected to decide on the future of the mission later this month.