Somalia’s leading politicians reset the manifesto for the country on Sunday and are advising that all parliamentary elections be concluded by February 25th.
The decision came after a series of stakeholder meetings chaired by Prime Minister Hussein Roble last week under the agreement known as the National Consultative Council (NCC).
The The main council includes Mr. Roble as chairman and the five federal presidents of the states of Puntland, Jubbaland, Hirshabelle, South West and Galmudug. It also includes the governor of Benadir, the metropolitan area to which Mogadishu belongs.
On Sunday, after three days of consultations with civil society, opposition leaders and the international community , agreed on an 18-point statement that could reduce the uncertainties about the elections in the country.
The document, shared by Prime Minister Roble, the five presidents of the The Federal Member States (FMS) and the Mayor of Mogadishu, who is also Governor of Benadir, said that the current parliamentary elections will be concluded between January 15 and February 25.
The parties have agreed on terms that the names of clan leaders and civil society representatives who are allowed to elect the delegates to vote for each member of the House of the People (HOP) are duly published ground.]
First Somalia planned to hold indirect elections from November 2020, but elections three times postponed, missing all deadlines. The indirect elections are such that specially selected delegates vote for the legislature in the two-chamber parliament. The MPs then vote for the president.
The delays have meant that President Mohamed Farmaajo has been in office for longer than his term of office, which technically expired on February 8th last year is four years after he was elected. His stay, despite being based on a parliamentary law enacted to avoid a vacuum in the event of postponed elections, has often created tension, as demonstrated last year when the security forces sided with their clan chiefs. Tensions eased after Heads of State and Government agreed that Roble should take over the election manifesto to prevent candidates from influencing the schedules.
In the statement dated On Sunday, the State Election Implementation Teams (SEIT), the electoral management bodies of the federal states, share with the Federal Electoral Implementation Teams (FEIT) in each constituency the names and identities of the clan elders and representatives of civil society who are accepted as voters of the delegates of the elections.
Somali leaders decided to hold indirect clan-based elections in Somalia on September 17, 2020 after failing to ensure universal one-person suffrage
So the leaders who met in Mogadishu this week took it upon themselves agrees that the teams that administer the elections at state and federal level enjoy full independence in accordance with the electoral agreements made in 2020 and in 2021 in accordance with the communiqué issued on January 9, 2022.
According to the previously agreed electoral terms, 101 delegates will be selected to vote for the candidates running for each seat.
Therefore, the federal and state levels have been asked to ensure that the delegates for each seat are the representatives of the clan to which the HOP seat is assigned.
The leaders agreed that FEIT, SEIT, the committee to Settlement of electoral disputes and the clan leaders and representatives of civil society as well as the media in the vote for each seat are present to ensure transparency.