South Sudan faces a catastrophic humanitarian crisis as the country has been hit by extreme flooding for the third year in a row.
Humanitarian organizations are warning that the situation is an outbreak of water-borne diseases and malaria This threatens to trigger food insecurity and malnutrition among the 11 million people who are currently in urgent need of help.
As of May of this year, floods have struck eight of the ten states, including Jonglei, Unity and Northern Bahr el Ghazal and The Upper Nile is hardest hit.
While water levels are still rising in many areas, weather forecasts are suggesting that there will be even more rain.
Notes from MSF (MSF) that this year’s floods have hit the people hardest in Bentiu, capital of Unity state, while affecting over 800,000 people across the country nd.
In the surrounding villages and counties of Guit and Nhyaldu, an estimated 32,000 people have fled rising floods and are now living in need ur makeshift camps in the city of Bentiu.
Meanwhile is the number of people in the Bentiu internally displaced person camp (formerly a civilian sanctuary) has risen by 12,000 in just a few months to at least 120,000 people, and thousands more have been added in the past few weeks.
“When the floods came , she destroyed everything. We had to leave our house. Now we are suffering because we don’t have the bare minimums like plastic sheeting, clean water, enough food, “says Johnson Gailuak, a 28-year-old man who was displaced by the floods.
” My wish for the future I think the water level is dropping so people can return to their homes and my family has enough to eat, ”he adds.
The medical humanitarian organization says the influx of people in Bentiu Camp has the The hospital has exhausted its capacities beyond its limits.
As a result, the hospital has added 45 additional beds to its existing 135, including the conversion of a meeting room and the remaining isolation rooms into outpatient departments and a children’s department to compensate for the increase in patient numbers. < / p>
MSF medical emergency manager Jacob Goldberg says their teams were forced to treat an average of 180 patients a day in November, most of them ten of them are children under five with malaria and respiratory infections and malnutrition.
“With the hospital comp If there is a major outbreak of an infectious or water-borne disease, we don’t have enough space or capacity to respond properly, “says Goldberg.
A persistent hepatitis E outbreak threatens to worsen the disease situation with 36 reported cases from the camp and the surrounding area in just one week in November. In October the death toll had risen to five.
“We are extremely concerned about malnutrition, with acute malnutrition being twice the WHO threshold and the number of children living with severe malnutrition in Our hospital admitted has doubled since the floods began. ”
On Monday, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) raised $ 13 million from the Central Emergency Fund for the urgent response to the widespread flooding deployed in South Sudan.
The agency said that around 809,000 people in many parts of the country were directly affected by massive floods, made worse by escalating violence in some areas such as Tambura.
The government of South Sudan has allocated US $ 10 million to flood control as local states support resilience efforts through the In Support the installation of pumps to drain off floods and the construction of dykes.
Authorities are calling for more support to achieve further relief from human suffering made worse by the effects of years of conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic.
“In the face of devastating floods expected to continue as the climate crisis escalates, UNHCR urges the international community to urgently help the affected communities rebuild and protect people’s lives and livelihoods,” UNHCR said last month .