The Sudanese military chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the deposed Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok officially signed an agreement on Sunday that brought the latter back into position during the October coups lost.
Lieutenant General Burhan, who had been pressured by both domestic opponents and the international community to hand over power to the civilian government, allowed Mr. Hamdok to continue running the government. The prime minister was under house arrest for a month.
The decision was part of a series made on Sunday, ostensibly to loosen the power of the military and facilitate a much-needed civil transition.
Previously, Mr Hamdok had agreed to return to the post of Prime Minister, which he had refused for weeks since the October 25 coup that also arrested a number of his cabinet members.
As a result, the junta lifted his house arrest and signed an agreement to formally start the formation of a new interim government.
The agreement between General Al-Burhan and Mr Hamdok provides for the release of all political prisoners in the country, which also stressed the Accelerating the formation of transnational government institutions.
The agreement also emphasized that the constitutional document known as the Constitutional Declaration is the primary reference for the The transition phase in Sudan is complete. However, the two leaders agreed that changes were needed to expand political participation.
Some civilian groups rejected the agreement, demanding the resumption of the old transitional government.
When the military carried out a coup last month, Gan. Burhan claimed he actually saved the crossing from erupting quarrels. The timing was suspect, however, as it was only 30 days before the military-led Transitional Sovereignty Council, led by the military since 2019, changed hands to a civilian leader.
The council is the supreme advisory body and comprised civilians and military leaders to act as overall supervisor of the transition project.
The agreement signed in Khartoum underscores the need to implement the Juba peace agreement and to form a unified national army.
The Juba agreement had led to this that former armed groups had signed a coalition agreement in exchange for the laying down of arms. It is unclear whether the groups will return to the table after the coup.
The army had put Mr Hamdok under house arrest when he took power on October 25 after taking a step led by General al- Burhan. announced.
The measures of October 25 ended a transitional partnership between the army and civilian groups that contributed to the overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir in 2019.
After the signing, the Chairman of the Sovereign Council al-Burhan said: “We have stopped the transition process to rethink future steps.” He added: “We do not want any party in Sudan to be expelled.”
The Sudanese Prime Minister said he signed the agreement to save the country from bloodshed. He said the agreement would restore the path to democratic transition and preserve the achievements of the past two years.
“When I accepted the appointment of the Chairman of the Transition Council, I knew the path would be arduous and dangerous “he added.
And a few meters from the presidential palace, where the political agreement is signed, thousands of anti-coup protests took place. The demonstrators opposed any political agreement with the military. Security troops used tear gas to disperse the crowd who chanted, “The agreement is rejected”
Thousands of Sudanese gathered in Khartoum and 15 other cities on Sunday to reject the new agreement with the army. The Forces for Freedom and Change announced that the Central Council opposed any deal with the military.