More than two years after the Sudanese power-sharing agreement was signed, analysts say the role of the civilian leader declines while the army remains dominant.
Sudan’s military defeated longtime autocrat Omar al-Bashir in April 2019 after months of mass protests against his rule.
The country’s powerful generals and major factions of civil society signed an agreement four months later on a civilian government and legislature to lead the transition to Bashir.
A “sovereign council” of military and civilian figures would form the governing body.
But the legislative assembly still has to be within the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), the main civil alliance that formed the anti-Bashir P Roteste led, divisions have deepened.
The support for the interim government of the technocrats led by Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has slackened, in large part due to economic reforms that have placed a heavy burden on many Sudanese households.
And delays in doing justice to the families of those killed under Bashir, and even During the protests in 2019 after his overthrow, the government exposed further criticism.
“The military has no problems with key aspects of the transition …” said Jonas Horner from the International Crisis Group.
“Internal divisions and a lack of capacity has affected civilians’ ability to keep the transition going,” he added.
The 2019 agreement originally saw one three years ago, but this period was set back when Sudan signed a peace agreement with an alliance of rebel groups last October.
The military and civilian camps only operate sporadically synchronously “, said Horner.
” The military has effectively retained its power. “
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Horner said the formation of the transitional legislative council “would be the key to initiating oversight of the military”.
The military has been difficult since the power-sharing agreement involved in foreign policy decisions.
Last year Sudan announced plans to normalize relations with Israel when the US agreed to remove Khartoum from Washington’s state sponsors terror blacklist.
The Sudanese decision has been the one since the 1967 Arab-Israeli Six Day War Current policy turned upside down, said Omar al-Digeir, a leader of the civil alliance FFC.
The interim government signed the deal in January during a visit by the Washington CFO and received US grants at the same time.
Government officials have said that the deal will only be approved after the Legislative still to be formed would come into force.
According to analyst Magdi el-Gizouli of the Rift Valley Institute think tank, “the realignment of Sudan’s foreign policy since Bashir was outlined by the military” .
It also “translates into closer relations with the US “.
The military was also the key to peace agreements with rebel groups.
A high-ranking one Member of the government council, Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, known as Hemeti – commander of a feared paramilitary force – signed the peace treaty with an important rebel alliance on behalf of Khartoum last October.
On this year’s occasion High-ranking military officials were also involved in talks with a lingering rebel group.
Military expert Amin Ismail said civilian participation in peace talks with the rebels was “limited”.
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The military also dominates lucrative corporations that focus on everything from agriculture to infrastructure specializing in primary projects.
Hamdok said last year that 80 percent of the country’s public resources were “beyond the control of the Treasury,” with no indication of the proportion used by the Army is controlled.
A military source who requested anonymity told AFP that civilian involvement in any military affairs remains a “very sensitive” issue.
“Recent civil calls for security sector reforms may continue to meet with resistance,” t The source added.
Civilian leaders and former rebel groups have pushed for reforms that include the integration of paramilitaries and armed groups into the armed forces.
According to Digeir from the civil alliance FFC, the power-sharing agreement was in place 2019 didn’t specify who would oversee security reforms.
“Instead, it was shared by both sides,” he said.
Horner said the transitional agreement requires civilians to” ultimately exercise oversight of the military “.
” But there is no evidence of military will to move away to resolve their dominant role in the country, “he added.