Oct 21, 2021

Mawazo Writing Africa

Writing about the main

As risk of famine looms in Tigray, Biden weighs in; calls for ceasefire, reconciliation

– US President Joe Biden on Wednesday joined growing international calls for a ceasefire and immediate and unhindered humanitarian access to the Tigray region to “prevent widespread famine”.

The The president’s statement came amid growing concerns from An Impending Famine in Tigray, where thousands of dead, millions of displaced persons and more than 5.2 million of Tigray’s nearly seven million people who depend on food aid have died after seven months of civil war concerns that aid delivery has been deliberately hindered by Ethiopian and neighboring Eritrean forces, which currently occupy much of Tigray, despite Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed publicly declaring almost two months ago that agreements had been made between the two leaders for the withdrawal of Eritrean forces / p>

The alarm bell for a threatening hun gersnot rings from many directions. Nick Dyer, UK Special Envoy for Hunger Prevention and Humanitarian Affairs, just got back from Tigray and tweeted: “The humanitarian crises are intensifying and the risk of famine is increasing. Hostility behavior and restricted access need to change, and there needs to be full accountability for atrocities. “

On May 25, United Nations humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock sent the UN Security Council a note revealing” there is a serious risk of starvation “in Tigray, unless that humanitarian aid will not be increased in the next two months.

On the same day, UNICEF published the date from the 3rd week of May and said that “a total of 10,957 children examined and 4.5% were severely malnourished (SAM ) and 17.9% moderately malnourished, the fourth highest weekly number of SAM cases. ”President Biden’s statement referred to Mr Lowcock’s note earlier this week, warning the United Nations Humanitarian Office that Ethiopia was due this protracted conflict could experience its first famine since the 1980s. All parties, especially the Ethiopian and Eritrean armed forces, must provide immediate, unimpeded humanitarian access to the region to prevent widespread famine. Similarly, in an earlier statement, USAID’s newly appointed administrator, Ambassador Samantha Power, warned that “Ethiopia is at risk of famine for the first time in over 30 years”. USAID is one of the largest humanitarian partners on the ground.

In the last week of April, Abadi Girmay (PhD), head of the Agriculture and Development Office of the Tigray Interim Administration, spoke to the state-run FanaBC Abadi Girmay ( PhD) expressed concern that if the agricultural sector did not recover, there would be an “unprecedented threat” over the next three to four years. Abadi also spoke about the damage caused to the agricultural sector by the war in the region, the challenges for farmers and the current agricultural activities in the region. “If we can’t get a harvest this year, we could face a very serious problem in the next three to five years. And it could cause a famine, it could be the worst history in the country. “

In early May, Abebe Gebrehiwot, deputy head of Tigray Interim Administration, said the federally appointed Interim Administration was concerned about deliberate efforts to prevent farmers from farming and seeds from being delivered due to the denial of passage; The result will be hunger, he warned. “These two incidents, which should be complementary, have no message other than starving Tigray people to death,” he said. He also pointed out that large arable land in Humera and Raya should have been cultivated, but the situation in these areas, combined with the blockage of seed transport, exacerbates the problems.

In addition to the alarm of impending famine, President Biden also repeated calls from the Foreign Ministry calling on Eritrean and Amharic forces to withdraw from Tigray.

The president called on “Ethiopia’s leaders and institutions to promote reconciliation, human rights and respect for pluralism. This will preserve the unity and territorial integrity of the state and ensure the protection of the Ethiopian people … “

Statement by President Joe Biden on the crisis in Ethiopia

26. May 2021

I am deeply concerned about the escalating violence and deepening regional and ethnic divisions in several parts of Ethiopia. The large-scale human rights abuses that are taking place in Tigray, including widespread sexual violence, are unacceptable and must come to an end. Families of different backgrounds and ethnic heritage deserve to live in peace and security in their country. Political wounds cannot be healed by force of arms. The belligerents in the Tigray region should declare and maintain a ceasefire, and the Eritrean and Amharic forces should withdraw. Earlier this week the United Nations Humanitarian Office warned that Ethiopia could experience its first famine since the 1980s because of this protracted conflict. All parties, in particular the Ethiopian and Eritrean armed forces, must provide immediate, unimpeded humanitarian access to the region in order to prevent widespread famine.

The United States urges the leaders and institutions of Ethiopia to promote reconciliation, human rights and Promote respect for pluralism. This will preserve the unity and territorial integrity of the state and ensure the protection of the Ethiopian people as well as the provision of much-needed aid. The Ethiopian government and other stakeholders across the political spectrum should commit to an inclusive dialogue. Together, the people of Ethiopia can develop a shared vision for the country’s political future and lay the foundation for sustainable and equitable economic growth and prosperity.

The United States is committed to helping Ethiopia address these challenges support on the longstanding relationship between our two nations and the cooperation with the African Union, the United Nations and other international partners. U.S. Special Envoy to the Horn of Africa Jeff Feltman is leading a renewed U.S. diplomatic effort to help peacefully resolve the interconnected conflicts in the region, including resolving the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which will serve the needs of all parties . Special Envoy Feltman will be returning to the region next week and will keep me posted on his progress. America’s diplomacy will reflect our values: defending freedom, upholding universal rights, respecting the rule of law, and treating everyone with dignity.