– The House of Representatives held the 6th Round, 1st Year, 1st Special Session, in which the new government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was formed.
The MPs discussed and also approved a draft proclamation, the defines the powers and functions of the executive branch of the federal government.
Accordingly, the Prime Minister proposed 22 ministerial posts as his new cabinet, which was approved by Parliament with two votes against and 12 abstentions.
The cabinet proposal saw the change in the roles and responsibilities of a number of ministries and government institutions, and for the first time three opposition ministerial positions.
The other important development in the formation of the new government today is the incorporation of twenty institutions, including key intelligence, security and financial institutions that are directly accountable to the Prime Minister’s office.
Department of Agriculture (MoA); Ministry of Industry (MoI); Ministry of Trade and Regional Integration (MoTRI); Ministry of Mining (MoM); Ministry of Tourism (MoT); Ministry of Labor and Skills (MoLS); Ministry of Finance (MoF); Ministry of Finance (MoR); Ministry of Planning and Development (MoPD); Ministry of Innovation and Technology (MoIT); Ministry of Transport and Logistics (MoTL); Ministry of Urbanization and Infrastructure (MoUI); Ministry of Water and Energy (MoWE); Ministry of Irrigation and Lowland Areas (MoILA); Ministry of Education (MoE); Ministry of Health (MoH); Ministry of Women and Social Affairs (MoWSA); Ministry of Culture and Sport (MoCS); Ministry of Defense (MoD); Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA); Ministry of Justice (MoJ); and Ministry of Peace (MoP).
Accordingly, Demeke Mekonnen retained his position as Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister; as well as Ahmed Shide, Minister of Finance; Dr Lia Tadesse, Minister of Health; Takele Uma, Minister of Mining; Oumer Hussein, Minister of Agriculture; Leake Ayalew, Minister of Finance; Melaku Alebel: Minister of Industry; and Dagmawit Moges: Minister for Transport and Logistics.
The former federally appointed provisional head of administration of Tigray, Abraham Belay (PhD), has been transferred from MoIT to MoD; just like Muferiat Kamil, from MoP to MoLS. Ayisha Mohammed, resigns from the now defunct Ministry of Construction and Urban Development and is appointed as the new Minister for Irrigation and Lowland Areas; and Gedion Timothoes became minister of the newly formed MoJ and resigned his position as attorney general. Ergego Tesfaye (PhD), the former Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, has been appointed Minister of the newly formed MoWSA.
New cabinet appointments were: Habtamu Iteffa Geleta (PhD), who became Minister of Water and Energy and replaced the all-too-well-known Minister Seleshi Bekele (PhD). Ambassador Nassise Chali, who was Ethiopia’s Ambassador to Canada, became Minister of Tourism; and Fitsum Asfaw (PhD), the former director of the Planning and Investment Commission, takes over as Minister of Planning and Development. Binalf Andualem, leader of the Prosperity Party, became Minister of Peace; and Chaltu Sani became Minister for Urbanization and Infrastructure; whereas Gebre Meskel Chala has taken over the restructured Minister for Trade and Regional Integration.
The Ethiopian Citizens’ Leader for Social Justice, Berhanu Nega, is appointed Minister of Education by the opposition parties; whereas Belete Molla, Chair of the National Movement of Amhara (NAMA), and Kejella Merdassa, former senior member of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), have been appointed Ministers for Innovation and Technology and Culture and Sport, respectively. A faction of OLF members led by Kejella split from the OLF in the summer of 2020 under the leadership of its current chairman Dawud Ibssa.
During the nomination, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said that the nominations were decided after considering the Merit and engagement of individuals and diversity, including gender, religion.
The Prime Minister said he expected his new cabinet to fight poverty, begging and corruption while emphasizing the loyalty of a cabinet member “should”. This does not apply to ethnicity, only to federal institutions. ”
However, the most important development today is the restructuring of government institutions and their accountable bodies. Shortly after the new cabinet members were appointed, state media published a list of the institutions accountable to the Prime Minister, the National Bank of Ethiopia, the Ministry of Labor and Skills, the Ministry of Planning and Development and the Ministry of Justice.
Correspondingly twenty institutions, including secret services, security institutions, which were subordinate to the Ministry of Peace; and financial institutions are now directly accountable to the Prime Minister’s Office.
Prime Minister’s Office; Government Communication Service; The National Bank of Ethiopia; Ethiopian Capital Markets Authority; Ethiopian Investment Commission; Administration of the National Palace; Federal Police Commission; Information Network Security Agency; National Intelligence and Security Service; Financial security service; Institute for Artificial Intelligence; Ethiopian Communications Authority; African Leadership Excellence Academy; The Republican Guard; Ethiopian National Security Council; Public Service Commission; Federal Commission for Ethics and the Fight against Corruption; Disaster Risk Management Commission; Reconciliation Commission (in revision); and Administrative Affairs, Boundaries and Identity Commission (also being revised).
include: Social Security Agency officials; and the Social Insurance Institution for Personal Employees.
Similarly, new ministry offices and institutions accountable to them have been announced. These are:
: Institute for Technical and Vocational Education; College of Agricultural Engineering and Education and Training; and tourism training facility.
Ethiopian Statistics Service; and Institute for Political Studies, 3rd Environmental Protection Agency
Agency for Civil Society Organizations; Federal Prison Commission; Federal Institute for Justice and Law; Document registration and certification service; and Federal Tax Appeal Court.