One dead blesbok, one injured pilot, numerous piles of debris and 19 happy pilots and passengers.
This is the tally of the latest investigative reports released by the South American Civil Aviation Administration following airborne incidents last November and March.
The blesbok was killed when a helicopter’s spinning tail rotor hit its head on March 10 during a tomboy operation in the Free State.
The Paul Roux incident was also for that sole human casualty, a 30-year-old pilot who climbed out of his wrecked Schweizer 269C and called his company Helicon with news of the crash before being rushed to Bloemfontein hospital with serious injuries >
The CAA report says, that the pilot was attempting to force a herd of blesbok into a boma.
“While flying about 30 cm off the ground, the pilot felt a dent originating from the tail section. He then pulled the pitch lever with the intention of climbing, but to no avail.
“The helicopter went into a spin from which the pilot could not recover and the helicopter hit the ground very hard. [It] was destroyed.”
Farms — particularly crop spraying — were involved in three other incidents that CAA investigators reported.
On March 31, On December 12, the 34-year-old Air Tractor 502A pilot struck an 11 kV power line 20 feet above the ground on a farm in Hartswater, North Cape.
“The pilot stated that he after flew back to Hartswater after the accident and landed safely on the gravel runway. The aircraft sustained damage to the left leading edge, wing spar, windshield and wipers, antennas and tail section,” the CAA report said.
An Air Tractor 502B sustained significant damage from power cables 25 January while spraying fertilizer on a corn field near Sedibeng in Gauteng.
The 55-year-old pilot told investigators he wanted to fly under the high-voltage cables while preparing for a spray run prepared when the upper part of the plane’s vertical stabilizer hit one and jammed the rudder.
“Unable to maintain lateral or longitudinal control of the plane, the pilot decided opted to reduce the throttle to idle and made an emergency landing in the cornfield about 600m from the site of the collision,” the report said. we il he flew without an agricultural pilot rating. p>
He was flying his amateur-built Zenith Stol CH750 about 11 feet (3.3 m) off the ground when soybean plants “got tangled in the spray boom (the structure that supports spray nozzles along the wingspan of the aircraft) and the aircraft overturned on which Coming to rest upside down,” the report reads.
The investigator said the pilot flew so low that he left himself “very little room for error.”
< p>Pilot errors surfaced again in a report of a Cessna U206G making an emergency landing on a farm in Mpumalanga on February 8.
The 45-year-old pilot and a cameraman took off from Kitty Hawk Aerodrome in Pretoria East, where he was flying To survey power lines between the Matla Power Plant in Mpumalanga and OR Tambo International Airport.
Every 30 minutes, the pilot would toggle the fuel selector switch between the plane’s two tanks, and after a little over three hours, she decided to go to Secunda to a
“The pilot explained this while picking up the survey power line on the other side of the Matla power plant, the aircraft suffered a catastrophic engine power failure,” the report reads.
“The pilot then performed the emergency in-flight engine restart procedure. When that failed, she decided to make an emergency landing on a private farm that had overgrown grass hiding holes in the ground. The aircraft was severely damaged.”
Investigators found 250ml of fuel in one tank and 50 liters in the other and attributed the accident to “mismanagement of the fuel”.
The pilot said It was their first power line survey, and they found the concentration required to be very high.
Investigators said, “During a power line survey, the pilot must fly a straight line with no deviations in the power line.” attitude or altitude. The pilot must also make the necessary radio calls and be vigilant for other aircraft. This means a heavy cockpit workload for a pilot.”
They recommended that the Director of Civil Aviation investigate a rule requiring two crew members during power line surveys and said operators of such flights should do so do implement this anyway.
Last November, a pilot error which resulted in his plane lying upside down and being destroyed at Middelburg Aerodrome in Mpumalanga reduced his weight of 130kg and the 100kg of his Passengers are not taken into account.
Between them, the pair overweighted the Cheetah 912 ULS they planned to fly over the Loskop Dam by 66 kg, and investigators said, “The plane was overweight and could not climb at the expected rate. It was rapidly losing altitude, causing the pilot to crash-land the aircraft.
“In the interests of safety, all pilots are reminded of the importance of complying with manufacturer restrictions on any aircraft they fly. to avoid injury and property damage.”
In two other incidents, pilots had trouble landing instead of flying and both sustained significant damage to their aircraft.
An incident occurred on February 13 at Kitty Hawk Aerodrome, where the 47-year-old pilot of a Ravin 500 aircraft landed his plane and three passengers after a 40-minute flight from Thabazimbi Aerodrome in Limpopo.
< p>“It appeared as if the pilot was high when he decided to flare, meaning the aircraft was losing forward speed and lift and experiencing a high rate of descent prior to the hard landing,” investigators said.
Two days earlier, a 25-year-old student pilot graduated completed three touch-and-go courses in a Cessna 172M at Wonderboom National Airport in Pret oria, accompanied by his instructor.
The student continued to make turns during a “solo consolidation flight” and left the plane inflate on its second landing before hitting hard on its nose gear and crushing it.
Investigators attributed the incident to the pilot’s lack of experience and said he now had a rescue flight with him graduated from his instructor.
Power lines again played a role in drama involving a Bell 206B helicopter joining a search for a missing person along the Crocodile River in the Northwest on March 18th.< /p>
The 26-year-old pilot told investigators he was flying about 8m off the ground when he saw something in the river and looked down.
“When he again looking up, he spotted power lines in his trajectory and decided to fly under them to avoid an impact,” the report reads.
“One of the main rotor blades struck the power lines and the pilot performed a precautionary landing. The pilot was able to land the helicopter safely without further damage. [He and his passenger] were not injured.”
A gust of wind from an approaching storm has been blamed by investigators for a disaster suffered by the 51-year-old pilot Savanna S as she landed on a private airstrip in Coligny, North West, on February 28.
“The pilot stated that on landing the aircraft encountered a gust of wind from the right side crashed into the plane, causing him to lose directional control,” the report said.
“The plane made a left turn towards a field of vegetation. This was followed by a nose strut, which broke off, as well as one of the propeller blades, which broke off closer to the root.”
Investigators obtained infrared satellite imagery from the SA Weather Service and said there was a thunderstorm when the plane turned over After landing at 4:30 p.m., he approached the farm from the northwest.
“It is likely that the gust experienced by the pilot was one of many rapid gusts from a thunderstorm outflow line,” they said them.
“Unexpectedly rapid, strong gusts of wind at intervals that are not readily recorded, as well as thunderstorm activity, could affect aircraft up to 100 km away.”
The 63-year-old pilot of an RAF 2000GTX SE Gyrocopters tried to blame a crosswind for a landing that overturned and destroyed its plane at Mossel Bay Aerodrome on February 10.
But investigators said the cause was more likely the speed of the landing, which sth a was 10 mph faster than recommended.
“The pilot reported this during the landing roll, a cross wind from the right pushed the gyro to its left side and the pilot lost control as a result,” says in the report.
“The pilot attempted to escape, but the autogyro rolled to the left and came to a stop on his left side.”
Investigators said weather conditions were changeable , but “could not have had a significant impact on the gyrocopter during this flight”.
Instead, it landed at 112 km/h instead of the recommended 96 km/h, the pilot disregarded “limitations of safe operating procedure”, it was said. “The gyrocopter was unstable on approach and landed hard before the pilot lost control.”
A Raven plane’s engine stalled while the 60-year-old pilot and his passenger enjoyed a scenic flight Jan. 7 over the north-west village of Bray.
Investigators were aided by cellphone video footage of the passenger and said: ‘You can see the propeller blades turning downwards until they come to a stop; then the pilot turns on the fuel pump and selects engine start at the master switch.
“The propeller spins briefly and then stops, indicating that the starter motor was just turning the engine.
“The pilot tried several times to restart without success. He then glides with the plane and aims at a gravel road.”
Upon touchdown, the plane’s left wing struck fence posts, forcing it to rotate as it came to a stop.
< Investigators said: "A post-inspection by the aircraft maintenance organization revealed that the fuel filter was clogged with a silicone-like substance. This resulted in the engine running out of fuel during flight.”
The last manned flight incident occurred on 23 An additional EA-300L aerobatic aircraft failed to properly secure its canopy.< /p>
“During the takeoff run at full power, the canopy flew open. The pilot tried to grab the canopy handle to close it, but couldn’t,” the report said a As a result, the aircraft pitched forward and the propeller blade tips scraped the ground.”
The 14th investigation report, released this week, looked at the destruction of a drone carrying cable thieves at the Goedgevonden mine of Glencore near Ogies in Mpumalanga followed January 16.
The pilot of the DJI Matrice-200 told investigators the drone was about 500m away from him and 41m above the ground when he was eight saw suspects carrying the cable and informed security of their location.
“Approximately 12 minutes and 45 seconds into the flight, an electronic speed controller malfunctioned, causing the aircraft to go into a Spiral down slipped and crashes e,” says the report.
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