If you are attacked in the Cape Town community, dubbed one of the largest slums in the world, this is probably just the tip of the iceberg.
New research from emergency medicine experts has revealed young Men have a good chance of being back in the trauma ward with another violent injury – or dead – within the next 15 months.
Aside from gangsterism, drug use, binge drinking, HIV and tuberculosis, which are common in Khayelitsha widespread, violence among young men costs 25 times more lives than the global average.
The study of 320 victims of assault who ended up in the emergency room at Khayelitsha Hospital and Site B Community Health Center as well 185 patients who were not attacked also noted worrying psychological distress.
“Over 30% of our sample suffer from sadness / depression, which in itself is worrying Feature is, ”according to an article in the African Journal of Emergency Medicine.
Lead author Dr. Sarah Leeper of the University of Maryland Medical Center added, along with colleagues from the United States and South Africa, “The complex interplay of depression and violence requires further investigation to understand the high levels of ‘sadness’ among this demographic of adolescents.” p>
Leeper’s team found that one in seven of 14- to 24-year-olds who received treatment after an assault between 2016 and 2018 either returned for further treatment or died within the next 15 months.
“Men, students, marijuana users, gang members, those with a criminal record and a first-time penetrating trauma injury were more likely to relapse in emergency care,” they said.
Since assaults occurred on most common occurrences Why injured young people end up in the hospital, “The emergency center provides an ideal opportunity to research and research risk factors for violence among young people d then conduct targeted bedside interventions or liaise with community programs aimed at preventing future violence ”.
Leepe r said the level of alcohol abuse among young people in Khayelitsha meant screening, a Brief intervention and referral to an emergency room treatment program could be possible, affordable, and effective.
“However, this approach can too. be feasible for other risk factors for youth violence and relapse in emergency centers, “they said.
” A combination of screening in emergency centers for targeted risk factors (with links to community services) and hospital-based intervention programs would likely target this population be of greatest benefit.
“Effective interventions against youth violence can be initiated during early childhood education and continued through all school ages by involving the family, community and public health programs.
< p> “In addition, the social determinants of health that increase risk factors for violence should be continuously addressed in this community.”