The estimated rhino population in Africa is around 18,000, a 12% decrease over the past decade, according to the latest State of Rhino report published by the International Rhino Foundation.
Poaching continues, threatening rhinoceros populations in Africa, and in South Africa alone the white rhinoceros population – once believed to be the largest in the world – has plummeted by more than two-thirds in eight years, a new report suggests.
< According to the latest State of Rhino report released by the International Rhino Foundation in September each year before World Rhino Day on September 22nd, the estimated rhino population in Africa is about 18,000, a 12% decrease last Decade equals.
After poaching decreased in 2020 due to the closure of borders as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, poaching incidents are taking hold of white-mouthed noses horns again in South Africa, it says in the report. In the first half of 2021, South Africa recorded higher poaching numbers than the previous year, but fewer deaths compared to the same period in 2019.
Aside from an increase in poaching in Kruger National Park, authorities have also found one Increase in poaching numbers in other areas of the country, possibly due to fewer rhinos in the park.
SA National Parks (SANParks) released a report showing the total white rhinoceros population in Kruger National Park – once as the largest white rhinoceros population in the world – had fallen 67% from around 10,621 in 2011 to just 3,549 in 2019.
After poaching declined in 2020, mainly due to border closings and the Covid-19 restrictions, the report assumes that white rhinoceros poaching will increase again.
The report found that Africa’s black rhinos Although an endangered species remains, but an encouraging population increase of about. has recorded 17% in the last ten years – to more than 5,600.
Namibia is home to the largest population of black rhinos in Africa and Etosha National Park has the largest population of black rhinos in the world. Thanks to the government’s innovative conservation efforts, the number of rhinos is steadily increasing.
On the other hand, Kenya is celebrating the first year without poaching in 21 years. Kenya’s worst year for poaching was 2013 when 59 animals were killed, over 5% of the national population. The rate of poaching has since declined, with only four animals being poached in 2019 and none in 2020.
The report’s authors say although rhinos are found in nine African countries – South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi , Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe – not all countries report rhinoceros populations or poaching dates.
“The demand for rhinoceros horns for the black market remains one of the greatest threats to rhinoceros survival,” said Nina Fascione, executive director The International Rhino Foundation.
“Continuous coordination between countries in law enforcement is vital to breaking the influence of international criminal syndicates on trade.”
In the effort To restore endangered rhino populations, conservationists are now turning to assisted reproductive technology, which continues to show promise.
In July, di That year, scientists working to bring back the functionally extinct northern white rhinoceros announced that they had successfully created three more embryos of the subspecies, bringing the total to 12. They used eggs from Fatu, one of the last two remaining northern white rhinos in the Ol Pejeta Wildlife Conservancy in Kenya, and sperm from two deceased males.
A scientific consortium, Biorescue, is leading the research in collaboration with the Kenyan government. “The eggs are fertilized in a laboratory in Italy. Because of their advanced age, none of the remaining northern white rhinos are able to carry a calf to term, so a surrogate mother will be selected from a population of southern white rhinos when a viable embryo develops, ”the report said.
“Laboratories around the world are doing additional research on Artificial Reproductive Technology (ART) to better understand its application to rhino conservation. The foundation continues to follow ART’s achievements with great interest. Any knowledge of the science behind rhino breeding could prove extremely useful. ”
Wildlife crime is an ever-evolving challenge and requires collaboration and coordination within and between countries as trade in Rhinoceros horns are controlled by large criminal syndicates that operate multinationally.
While poaching is often the most visible and easy-to-understand part of wildlife crime, the report noted that it was the transportation, trade and sale of Illegal rhinos are traded in horn from the sanctuary, across provincial and national borders to the end consumer, which makes this type of crime not only possible but also profitable. “
” There were some big ones last year Rhino horn seizures and several high-profile arrests of suspected wildlife criminals by authorities in the South Africa, India and Vietnam. Training will be provided to better analyze and secure crime scenes, collect evidence and provide testimony for convicted wildlife criminals. In Vietnam, the authorities have worked to ensure longer sentences for wildlife criminals as a deterrent, ”the authors say.